Important dating rules for men Require So that you can Find out Before Browsing Sweden
Essentially pronominal verbs: ALWAYS AGREEMENT of the past participle with the subject.
Accidentally (occasionally) pronominal verbs: ACCORD of the past participle following the place of the COD.
Reminder: Indirect transitive verbs and intransitive verbs do not have a COD.
It is essential to have previously consulted page 754 concerning pronominal verbs>>> and to know the rules of agreement of past participles with “to be” and “to have” (pages 855 and 856). (A new browser window will open, to be closed to come back here).
A – Reminder: An essentially pronominal verb is constructed with one of the pronouns “me, m ‘, te, t’, se, s’, us, you” of the same person and of the same number as the subject. This pronoun is placed in front of the auxiliary “to be”:
– Many witnesses have fainted – She bathed in the sea. You got the wrong door.
– The past participle of essentially pronominal verbs, which is constructed with the auxiliary “to be”, always agrees with the subject:
– The prisoner escaped from the police station. (Who “escaped”?> The prisoner> subject> the prisoner escaped him> agreement of the participle in the masculine singular. There is no other analysis to perform for these verbs which do not ‘use only in the pronominal form).
– The prisoners escaped from the police station. (Plural feminine subject). The boys immediately cried out – The girls then cried out – I took refuge with my parents.
In dictionaries pronominal verbs are mentioned: envoler (s) v. pr. or vpr.
“to arrogate”, is a direct transitive verb which is essentially pronominal, but its past participle agrees with the C.O.D. only when the latter is placed before the verb:
– Important rights that the keeper has taken for himself. (The guardian arrogated himself what?> Rights> placed before the verb> agreement in the masculine plural) – But we will write: The guardian arrogated important rights.
“s’entre-nuire” direct intransitive verb which is also essentially pronominal, but whose past participle never matches:
Important list of pronominal verbs>>> (A new browser window will open, close to come back here).
– We meet certain verbs which in addition to their traditional normal form, can accidentally take the pronominal form. They fall into four categories:
We must first find in which category we place the past participle.
B – Reminder: Accidentally pronominal verbs are said to be passive when the subject undergoes the action without performing it himself (often the being or the thing that provokes the action is not mentioned). It’s a game that was sold out.
– The cars sold out quickly. (What is “sold”?> Get> set to “cars”> subject> agreement.
We note that the subject “cars” does not himself perform the action of the sale but undergoes it (we are indeed in the presence of a passive pronominal).
– The garlands are lit in the avenue.